Lyme & Tick Bite Information by Dr. Burns

What Causes Lyme Disease? Lyme disease is caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks. The blacklegged tick (otherwise known as the deer tick, Ixodes scapularis) spreads the disease in the northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central United States. The western blacklegged tick (Ixodes pacificus) spreads the disease on the Pacific Coast. In general, ticks need to be attached for at least 36-48 hours before they can transmit Lyme disease bacteria. NOTE: Ixodes ticks are much smaller than the common dog and cattle ticks. In their early stages they are no bigger than…

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